Research & Scholarship

Many members of the department have published important research related to measuring and improving healthcare quality. Considering only high impact general medical journals, members of the department have been authors on over 80 papers since 2000 in the New England Journal of Medicine (one-11), the Journal of the American Medical Association (12-40) the Lancet (41), JAMA Internal Medicine (including the previously titled Archives of Internal Medicine; 42-59), the British Medical Journal (60-69), and the Annals of Internal Medicine (70-83):

  1. Gallagher TH, Mello MM, Levinson W, et al. Talking with patients about other clinicians' errors. N Engl J Med. 2013;369(18):1752-1757.
  2. Redelmeier DA, Yarnell CJ, Thiruchelvam D, Tibshirani RJ. Physicians' warnings for unfit drivers and the risk of trauma from road crashes. N Engl J Med. 2012;367(13):1228-1236.
  3. Ross JS, Normand SL, Wang Y, Ko DT, et al. Hospital volume and 30-day mortality for three common medical conditions. N Engl J Med. 2010;362(12):1110-1118.
  4. Levinson W, King TE, Jr., Goldman L, Goroll AH, Kessler B. Clinical decisions. American Board of Internal Medicine maintenance of certification program. N Engl J Med. 2010;362(10):948-952.
  5. Shojania KG, Burton EC. The vanishing nonforensic autopsy. N Engl J Med. 2008;358(9):873-875.
  6. Tu JV, Bowen J, Chiu M, et al. Effectiveness and safety of drug-eluting stents in Ontario. N Engl J Med. 2007;357(14):1393-1402.
  7. Redelmeier DA, Bell CM. Weekend worriers. N Engl J Med. 2007;356(11):1164-1165.
  8. Gallagher TH, Studdert D, Levinson W. Disclosing harmful medical errors to patients. N Engl J Med. 2007;356(26):2713-2719.
  9. Auerbach AD, Landefeld CS, Shojania KG. The tension between needing to improve care and knowing how to do it. N Engl J Med. 2007;357(6):608-613.
  10. Juurlink DN, Mamdani MM, Lee DS, et al. Rates of hyperkalemia after publication of the Randomized Aldactone Evaluation Study. N Engl J Med. 2004;351(6):543-551.
  11. Bell CM, Redelmeier DA. Mortality among patients admitted to hospitals on weekends as compared with weekdays. N Engl J Med. 2001;345(9):663-668
  12. Gandhi TK, Berwick DM, Shojania KG. Patient Safety at the Crossroads. JAMA. 2016;315(17):1829-1830.
  13. Urbach DR, Bell CM. A Revised Quality Measure for Surgical Care: More Alpha Testing for Perioperative beta-Blockers? JAMA. 2015;313(23):2369-2370.
  14. Naylor CD, Gerace R, Redelmeier DA. Maintaining physician competence and professionalism: Canada's fine balance. JAMA. 2015;313(18):1825-1826.
  15. Fowler RA, Mittmann N, Geerts W, et al. Cost-effectiveness of dalteparin vs unfractionated heparin for the prevention of venous thromboembolism in critically ill patients. JAMA. 2014;312(20):2135-2145.
  16. Dhalla IA, O'Brien T, Morra D, et al. Effect of a postdischarge virtual ward on readmission or death for high-risk patients: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA. 2014;312(13):1305-1312.
  17. Korenstein D, Kale M, Levinson W. Teaching value in academic environments: shifting the ivory tower. JAMA. 2013;310(16):1671-1672.
  18. Juurlink DN, Dhalla IA, Nelson LS. Improving opioid prescribing: the New York City recommendations. JAMA. 2013;309(9):879-880.
  19. Stukel TA, Fisher ES, Alter DA, Guttmann A, Ko DT, Fung K, Wodchis WP, Baxter NN, Earle CC, Lee DS. Association of hospital spending intensity with mortality and readmission rates in Ontario hospitals. JAMA. 2012;307(10):1037-1045.
  20. Sinha SK, Detsky AS. Measure, promote, and reward mobility to prevent falls in older patients. JAMA. 2012;308(24):2573-2574.
  21. Levinson W, Pizzo PA. Patient-physician communication: it's about time. JAMA. 2011;305(17):1802-1803.
  22. Dhalla IA, Detsky AS. Aligning incentives for academic physicians to improve health care quality. JAMA. 2011;305(9):932-933.
  23. Bell CM, Brener SS, Gunraj N, et al. Association of ICU or hospital admission with unintentional discontinuation of medications for chronic diseases. JAMA. 2011;306(8):840-847.
  24. Lesser CS, Lucey CR, Egener B, Braddock CH, 3rd, Linas SL, Levinson W. A behavioral and systems view of professionalism. JAMA. 2010;304(24):2732-2737.
  25. Glazier RH, Redelmeier DA. Building the patient-centered medical home in Ontario. JAMA. 2010;303(21):2186-2187.
  26. Tu JV, Donovan LR, Lee DS, et al. Effectiveness of public report cards for improving the quality of cardiac care: the EFFECT study: a randomized trial. JAMA. 2009;302(21):2330-2337.
  27. Shojania KG, Levinson W. Clinicians in quality improvement: a new career pathway in academic medicine. JAMA. 2009;301(7):766-768.
  28. Shaw K, Cassel CK, Black C, Levinson W. Shared medical regulation in a time of increasing calls for accountability and transparency: comparison of recertification in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom. JAMA. 2009;302(18):2008-2014.
  29. Dhalla IA, Detsky AS. Risks and benefits of importing prescription medications from lower-income countries. JAMA. 2008;300(12):1453-1455.
  30. Detsky ME, Etchells E. Single-patient rooms for safe patient-centered hospitals. JAMA. 2008;300(8):954-956.
  31. Cescon DW, Etchells E. Barcoded medication administration: a last line of defense. JAMA. 2008;299(18):2200-2202.
  32. Shojania KG, Ranji SR, McDonald KM, et al. Effects of quality improvement strategies for type 2 diabetes on glycemic control: a meta-regression analysis. JAMA. 2006;296(4):427-440.
  33. Lee DS, Tu JV, Juurlink DN, et al. Risk-treatment mismatch in the pharmacotherapy of heart failure. JAMA. 2005;294(10):1240-1247.
  34. Beck CA, Richard H, Tu JV, Pilote L. Administrative Data Feedback for Effective Cardiac Treatment: AFFECT, a cluster randomized trial. JAMA. 2005;294(3):309-317.
  35. Stelfox HT, Bates DW, Redelmeier DA. Safety of patients isolated for infection control. JAMA. 2003;290(14):1899-1905.
  36. Shojania KG, Burton EC, McDonald KM, Goldman L. Changes in rates of autopsy-detected diagnostic errors over time: a systematic review. JAMA. 2003;289(21):2849-2856.
  37. Juurlink DN, Mamdani M, Kopp A, Laupacis A, Redelmeier DA. Drug-drug interactions among elderly patients hospitalized for drug toxicity. JAMA. 2003;289(13):1652-1658.
  38. Gallagher TH, Waterman AD, Ebers AG, Fraser VJ, Levinson W. Patients' and physicians' attitudes regarding the disclosure of medical errors. JAMA. 2003;289(8):1001-1007.
  39. Shojania KG, Duncan BW, McDonald KM, Wachter RM. Safe but sound: patient safety meets evidence-based medicine. JAMA. 2002;288(4):508-513.
  40. Tu JV, Austin PC, Chan BT. Relationship between annual volume of patients treated by admitting physician and mortality after acute myocardial infarction. JAMA. 2001;285(24):3116-3122.
  41. Tricco AC, Ivers NM, Grimshaw JM, Moher D, Turner L, Galipeau J, Halperin I, Vachon B, Ramsay T, Manns B, Tonelli M, Shojania K. Effectiveness of quality improvement strategies on the management of diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet 2012;379(9833):2252-2261.
  42. Rochon PA, Gurwitz JH. Drug shortages and clinicians: no time for complacency. Arch Intern Med. 2012;172(19):1499-1500.
  43. Alam A, Gomes T, Zheng H, Mamdani MM, Juurlink DN, Bell CM. Long-term analgesic use after low-risk surgery: a retrospective cohort study. Arch Intern Med. 2012;172(5):425-430.
  44. Levinson W, Holmboe E. Maintenance of certification in internal medicine: facts and misconceptions. Arch Intern Med. 2011;171(2):174-176.
  45. Gomes T, Mamdani MM, Dhalla IA, Paterson JM, Juurlink DN. Opioid dose and drug-related mortality in patients with nonmalignant pain. Arch Intern Med. 2011;171(7):686-691.
  46. Wong BM, Quan S, Cheung CM, et al. Frequency and clinical importance of pages sent to the wrong physician. Arch Intern Med. 2009;169(11):1072-1073.
  47. Rochon PA, Stukel TA, Bronskill SE, et al. Variation in nursing home antipsychotic prescribing rates. Arch Intern Med. 2007;167(7):676-683.
  48. Pearson SD, Kleinman K, Rusinak D, Levinson W. A trial of disclosing physicians' financial incentives to patients. Arch Intern Med. 2006;166(6):623-628.
  49. Gallagher TH, Waterman AD, Garbutt JM, Kapp JM, Chan DK, Dunagan WC, Fraser VJ, Levinson W. US and Canadian physicians' attitudes and experiences regarding disclosing errors to patients. Arch Intern Med. 2006;166(15):1605-1611.
  50. Gallagher TH, Garbutt JM, Waterman AD, et al. Choosing your words carefully: how physicians would disclose harmful medical errors to patients. Arch Intern Med. 2006;166(15):1585-1593.
  51. Bell CM, Bajcar J, Bierman AS, Li P, Mamdani MM, Urbach DR. Potentially unintended discontinuation of long-term medication use after elective surgical procedures. Arch Intern Med. 2006;166(22):2525-2531.
  52. Ko DT, Tu JV, Masoudi FA, et al. Quality of care and outcomes of older patients with heart failure hospitalized in the United States and Canada. Arch Intern Med. 2005;165(21):2486-2492.
  53. Ko DT, Austin PC, Chan BT, Tu JV. Quality of care of international and Canadian medical graduates in acute myocardial infarction. Arch Intern Med. 2005;165(4):458-463.
  54. Gill SS, Mamdani M, Naglie G, et al. A prescribing cascade involving cholinesterase inhibitors and anticholinergic drugs. Arch Intern Med. 2005;165(7):808-813.
  55. Gallagher TH, Levinson W. Disclosing harmful medical errors to patients: a time for professional action. Arch Intern Med. 2005;165(16):1819-1824.
  56. Cornish PL, Knowles SR, Marchesano R, Tam V, Shadowitz S, Juurlink DN, Etchells EE. Unintended medication discrepancies at the time of hospital admission. Arch Intern Med. 2005;165(4):424-429.
  57. Kaushal R, Shojania KG, Bates DW. Effects of computerized physician order entry and clinical decision support systems on medication safety: a systematic review. Arch Intern Med. 2003;163(12):1409-1416.
  58. Gurwitz JH, Rochon P. Improving the quality of medication use in elderly patients: a not-so-simple prescription. Arch Intern Med. 2002;162(15):1670-1672.
  59. Attia J, Ray JG, Cook DJ, Douketis J, Ginsberg JS, Geerts WH. Deep vein thrombosis and its prevention in critically ill adults. Arch Intern Med. 2001;161(10):1268-1279.
  60. Clarke H, Soneji N, Ko DT, Yun L, Wijeysundera DN. Rates and risk factors for prolonged opioid use after major surgery: population based cohort study. BMJ. 2014;348:g1251.
  61. Kwan JL, Bell CM. Should we rethink the scheduling of elective surgery at the weekend? BMJ. 2013;346:f3353.
  62. Guttmann A, Schull MJ, Vermeulen MJ, Stukel TA. Association between waiting times and short term mortality and hospital admission after departure from emergency department: population based cohort study from Ontario, Canada. BMJ  2011;342:d2983.
  63. Dhalla IA, Persaud N, Juurlink DN. Facing up to the prescription opioid crisis. BMJ. 2011;343:d5142.
  64. Redelmeier DA, McAlister FA, Kandel CE, Lu H, Daneman N. Postoperative pneumonia in elderly patients receiving acid suppressants: a retrospective cohort analysis. BMJ  2010;340:c2608.
  65. Wright J, Shojania KG. Measuring the quality of hospital care. BMJ 2009;338:b569.
  66. Landefeld CS, Shojania KG, Auerbach AD. Should we use large scale healthcare interventions without clear evidence that benefits outweigh costs and harms? No. BMJ 2008;336(7656):1277.
  67. Straus SE, Wilson K, Rambaldini G, et al. Severe acute respiratory syndrome and its impact on professionalism: qualitative study of physicians' behaviour during an emerging healthcare crisis. BMJ 2004;329(7457):83.
  68. Vigod SN, Bell CM, Bohnen JM. Privacy of patients' information in hospital lifts: observational study. BMJ 2003;327(7422):1024-1025.
  69. Davis D, Evans M, Jadad A, Perrier L, Rath D, Ryan D, Sibbald G, Straus S, et al. The case for knowledge translation: shortening the journey from evidence to effect. BMJ  2003;327(7405):33-35.
  70. Mohareb MM, Qiu F, Cantor WJ, Kingsbury KJ, Ko DT, Wijeysundera HC. Validation of the appropriate use criteria for coronary angiography: a cohort study. Ann Intern Med. 2015;162(8):549-556.
  71. Shekelle PG, Pronovost PJ, Wachter RM, et al. The top patient safety strategies that can be encouraged for adoption now. Ann Intern Med. 2013;158(5 Pt 2):365-368.
  72. Kwan JL, Lo L, Sampson M, Shojania KG. Medication reconciliation during transitions of care as a patient safety strategy: a systematic review. Ann Intern Med. 2013;158(5 Pt 2):397-403.
  73. Shojania KG, Silver I, Levinson W. Continuing medical education and quality improvement: a match made in heaven? Ann Intern Med. 2012;156(4):305-308.
  74. Shekelle PG, Pronovost PJ, Wachter RM, et al. Advancing the science of patient safety. Ann Intern Med. 2011;154(10):693-696.
  75. Ahmad F, Hogg-Johnson S, Stewart DE, Skinner HA, Glazier RH, Levinson W. Computer-assisted screening for intimate partner violence and control: a randomized trial. Ann Intern Med. 2009;151(2):93-102.
  76. Rhodes KV, Frankel RM, Levinthal N, Prenoveau E, Bailey J, Levinson W. "You're not a victim of domestic violence, are you?" Provider patient communication about domestic violence. Ann Intern Med. 2007;147(9):620-627.
  77. Gill SS, Bronskill SE, Normand SL, et al. Antipsychotic drug use and mortality in older adults with dementia. Ann Intern Med. 2007;146(11):775-786.
  78. Wachter RM, Shojania KG, Markowitz AJ, Smith M, Saint S. Quality grand rounds: the case for patient safety. Ann Intern Med. 2006;145(8):629-630.
  79. Shojania KG, Fletcher KE, Saint S. Graduate medical education and patient safety: a busy--and occasionally hazardous--intersection. Ann Intern Med. 2006;145(8):592-598.
  80. Redelmeier DA. Improving patient care. The cognitive psychology of missed diagnoses. Ann Intern Med. 2005;142(2):115-120.
  81. Bravata DM, McDonald KM, Shojania KG, Sundaram V, Owens DK. Challenges in systematic reviews: synthesis of topics related to the delivery, organization, and financing of health care. Ann Intern Med. 2005;142(12 Pt 2):1056-1065.
  82. Wachter RM, Shojania KG, Saint S, Markowitz AJ, Smith M. Learning from our mistakes: quality grand rounds, a new case-based series on medical errors and patient safety. Ann Intern Med. 2002;136(11):850-852.
  83. Meltzer D, Manning WG, Morrison J, et al. Effects of physician experience on costs and outcomes on an academic general medicine service: results of a trial of hospitalists. Ann Intern Med. 2002;137(11):866-874.